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What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the term given to describe the variety of life on Earth. Biodiversity encompasses the range of ecosystems found on the planet, and all of the animals, plants and micro-organisms found within them, along with their genetic diversity, and their interactions with each other and the environment around them. Biodiversity provides us with the environment in which we live and the a large number of the goods and services upon which we depend. The loss of biodiversity threatens our food supplies, opportunities for recreation and tourism, and sources of wood, medicines and energy as well as disrupting key ecosystem services such as providing pure air and water. Biodiversity is a key indicator of sustainable development and as such protecting biodiversity is in everyone's self interest.